Afghanistan-based terrorists


A .new United Nations report has once again highlighted the threat posed to Pakistan by the Afghanistan-based Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), the terrorist group which has conducted numerous deadly cross-border attacks and operations. TTP remains focused on long-term campaign against the Pakistani state with its several thousand fighters in Afghanistan. TTP constitutes the largest component of foreign terrorist fighters in Afghanistan, with their number estimated to be several thousand. TTP has arguably benefited the most of all the foreign extremist groups in Afghanistan from the Taliban takeover. It has conducted numerous attacks and operations in Pakistan. The presence of ‘several thousand’ TTP fighters in Afghanistan, as stated in the latest UN report, quite understandably poses a serious and credible threat from Pakistan’s perspective.
On its part, Pakistan had shared a dossier with the UN Security Council, containing evidence of financial and material support provided by Indian intelligence agencies to TTP to conduct cross-border terrorist attacks against Pakistani military and civilian targets. TTP was also responsible for the heinous attack against the Army Public School in Peshawar in which over 150 children were killed. Separately, quoting information provided by a Member State, the Monitoring Team report mentions the presence of defunct Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammed Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) in Afghanistan, something its several previous reports did not have.
However, ever since becoming a member of the UN Security Council in January 2021, India has been repeatedly criticizing the UN Monitoring Team in public as well as reportedly in the closed meetings of the UN for not including specific references to these groups in the UN reports. On 14 February 2022, during a public meeting of the Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC), which India currently chairs, its representative publicly slammed the UN Monitoring Team on the same issue, stating that the UN reporting mechanism was plagued by political biases.
While the reference to LeT and JeM in the latest report appears to be an attempt to respond to the Indian pressure and criticism, diplomatic observers say that the Monitoring Team has apparently steered clear of owing any evidence of the presence of these defunct groups in Afghanistan by ascribing the information to a certain Member State. At the same time, there is no evidence of the presence of LeT and JeM in the region. According to diplomats familiar with the work of the UN Security Council sanction committees, India’s efforts to push its domestic political agenda in the technical work of the committees, including by pressurizing members of the UN Monitoring Team, is a cause of concern for many Council members, including India’s close allies.
Such politicized measures, according to these diplomats, are undermining the credibility of the UN bodies, impacting their work, and diverting attention from the real terrorist threats being faced by the region. Some analysts also say that Indian tactics were part of a broader strategy to deflect increasing criticism aimed at India’s atrocities, and gross violations of human rights abuses in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu & Kashmir (IIOJK) as well as mainstreaming of Islamophobia in its political discourse. India has repeatedly used the bogey of terrorism to divert attention away from its domestic persecution of Muslims as well as state terrorism in IIOJK, it was pointed out.
India’s strong opposition to the UN initiatives aimed at addressing the issue of Islamophobia as well as terrorist attacks being carried out against Muslims and their places of worship on that basis, shows that the agenda of India’s supremacist terrorist organizations like RSS has become a foreign policy priority for India.