Call for equitable measures

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For nations like Pakistan, grappling with recurring natural disasters, the paramount concern lies in adaptation needs across critical sectors such as water, agriculture, urban resilience, natural capital and human health. As the global community convenes in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the call for equitable and responsive measures to tackle climate change resonates, underscoring the need for collaborative efforts to secure a sustainable future.
In the heart of the annual United Nations climate summit, COP28, Caretaker Prime Minister Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar delivered a compelling address, stressing the urgent need for decisive action to combat global warming. As the summit, also known as the Conference of Party 28, unfolded in the oil-rich Arab nation, the prime minister remained focused to emphasize the gaping disparity between the financial commitments made by developed nations and the pressing needs of the developing world.
Citing the unfulfilled $100 billion pledge, Prime Minister Kakar has rightly stressed that the financial requirements of developing countries far exceed this commitment. With assurances of $6 trillion by 2030 for adaptation planning in these nations, he tried to highlight that the annual adaptation needs alone were a staggering $387 billion until 2030. Additionally, estimates for loss and damage were projected to rise from $400 billion annually to $1 to 2 trillion by 2050.
The COP28 has brought into sharp focus the substantial gap between the funds mobilized and the actual needs of developing nations. Prime Minister Kakar has called upon the developed countries to rectify the shortfalls in their financial commitments under the Paris Agreement, urging swift action to unlock enhanced financial support. This support is crucial for enabling developing countries to bridge the implementation gaps in both mitigation and adaptation actions.
Expressing optimism about the outcomes of the Global Stock Take (GST), Prime Minister Kakar’s remarks that they are well-timed will guide critical discussions in 2024 and to help in setting new collective goals on finance post-2025. The emphasis is the necessity for the GST to strengthen the effectiveness of technology mechanisms, enabling the development and transfer of proven climate technologies and enhancing capacity building for developing nations.
Furthermore, the prime minister’s speech also highlighted the need for reform in the international financial architecture, proposing a focus on key high-emitting sectors with joint indicators for green technologies. He emphasized the importance of coherence and coordination across the UN system to support developing countries in capacity building for attracting private and public investments.
Reflecting on Pakistan’s experience, Prime Minister Kakar drew attention to the global spotlight on the country following last year’s devastating flash floods. Despite organized advocacy, diplomacy and negotiations, financial resources remained elusive during COP27. The prime minister remains hopeful that discussions and deliberations at COP28 will yield ambitious outcomes on the means of implementation, addressing the specific needs of developing countries.