Global challenges & Confrontation


Democracy is not just about domestic governance; it should also be reflected in international relations. They sovereignty, security, and development interests of a country should not be violated, noting that interfering in other countries’ internal affairs under the pretext of fighting corruption, promoting democratic values, or protecting human rights, hindering their development, wielding the big stick of sanctions, and even infringing on their sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity go against the UN Charter and other basic norms of international law and are obviously anti-democratic.
International affairs should be handled in accordance with the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and decided in the spirit of true multilateralism. Seeking supremacy and putting oneself always first are acts of hegemonism and unilateralism, and are obviously anti-democratic. A truly democratic government will support democracy in international relations. It will not foster hegemony and division abroad while building democracy and unity at home. Noting the path to prosperity of nations goes through respectful cooperation with each other, despite some differences in views on particular issues.
In a latest development, China and Russia have urged the world to stop using value-based diplomacy to provoke division and confrontation at this critical time that stronger coordination and cooperation are in urgent need in addressing an array of global challenges including the COVID-19 and climate change.
In a co-authored article Chinese and Russian envoys have called the upcoming US-led online Summit for Democracy an evident product of its Cold-War mentality, terming the event will stoke up ideological confrontation and a rift in the world, creating new ‘dividing lines. This trend contradicts the development of the modern world. It is impossible to prevent the shaping of a global polycentric architecture but could strain the objective process.
The peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom are common values of humanity. Democracy is not a prerogative of a certain country or a group of countries, but a universal right of all peoples. It can be realized in multiple ways, and no model can fit all countries. Whether a country’s path works depends on whether it meets the country’s realities, follows the trend of the times, and brings about economic development, social stability and progress, and better lives for the people, the article said. Ultimately, it relies on the support of the people and will be proven by its contribution to human progress.
Therefore, a basic criterion of democracy should be about the people, i.e. whether the people have the right to govern their country, whether their needs are met, and whether they have a sense of fulfillment and happiness. If the people are only awakened when casting their votes and sent back to hibernation when the voting is over, if they are served with sweet-sounding slogans in campaigns but have no say after the election, if they are wooed during canvassing but left out in the cold after that, this is not a genuine democracy.
What China has is an extensive, whole-process socialist democracy, which reflects the people’s will, suits the country’s realities, and enjoys strong support from the people. Russia is a democratic federative law-governed state with a republican form of government, noting that democracy is the fundamental principle of Russia’s political system.