Rearing livestock animals


A report on Pakistan’s livestock situation compiled by a non-profit organization in the aftermath of the August-September deluge paints a bleak picture of the damages wreaked on the rural communities, which are historically heavily dependent on farming and rearing livestock animals for their livelihood.
Apart from losing the houses and lands to the floods, the report points out that the rural communities have also been left grieving over the loss their only source of livelihoods, like farming and livestock, and now they live mainly on handouts and donations.
As the devastation caused by the unprecedented flooding across the country is being documented, the report prepared by the Brooke Pakistan, an organization working the welfare of animal, has cited official data, showing the rural communities bearing the major brunt of the natural disaster, which, by all accounts, is blamed on the shocking impacts of the planet warming and the resultant climate change.
The report, which makes a grim reminder the to the authorities, estimates that at least 1.1 million livestock animals have been lost to the floods, which swept all the four provinces, including Balochistan, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa atnd Sindh. “The unprecedented flood in the country caused damages to 14 districts, affecting more than 657 equine animal-owing and using communities”, it states.
This is a matter of grave concern for the poor communities, and being an agrarian society, the findings of the report are alarming, especially in the context of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
According to the latest data of the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), livestock contributes approximately 56 percent of value addition in agriculture and nearly 11 percent to the GDP of the country.
The sector’s output, including milk, beef, mutton, poultry meat, eggs, wool, hair, skins, hides, and bones, is a major source of the country’s economy stability and food security. Furthermore, the livestock sector employs about 30 million people, the vast majority of whom live in the rural hinterland of the country.
The livestock sector has the potential to contribute a great deal to the rehabilitation efforts and can be transformed into a more resource-generating sector to guarantee the food and nutrition security of the country.
The sector has also the potential to play a pivotal role to meet other needs of the poor rural society and thereby generate the much needed resources for the development of the country. However, the post flood situation poses a grave challenges to the government, which has been reeling under the impacts of the climate change, economic slowdown and price spiral. However, it requires a strong will on part of the government how to better plan and tackle the multiple challenges to the economic wellbeing of the people and overcome the impacts of the floods on the country’s agriculture and livestock.