Finland and Sweden formally applied to join the Nato alliance on Wednesday at allied headquarters, a decision spurred by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, but face objections from Turkey to an accession process that is expected to take only a few weeks.
Neutral throughout the Cold War, Sweden’s and Finland’s decision to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato) is one of the most significant changes in Europe’s security architecture for decades, reflecting a sweeping shift in public opinion in the Nordic region since Russia’s Feb 24 invasion.
Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg had promised the process would be “swift and smooth”, but Turkey will have to be mollified before the ratification can take place. “The applications you have made today are an historic step. Allies will now consider the next steps on your path to Nato,” Stoltenberg said, after receiving the bids from the Finnish and Swedish ambassadors. The membership push could represent the most significant expansion of Nato in decades. It would double the US-led organisation’s presence along Russia’s borders, and President Vladimir Putin has warned it may trigger a response from Moscow.
But resistance raised by Nato member Turkey threatens to block them, with Ankara accusing the Nordic countries of acting as safe havens for opposition Kurdish groups. In Ankara, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said: “We asked them to extradite 30 terrorists but they refused to do so.
“You will not send back the terrorists to us, and then ask our support for your Nato membership?” Officials in Brussels confirmed that a meeting on Wednesday of the North Atlantic Council — ambassadors from the Nato member states — broke up without an agreement to pass to the next stage of membership talks.
“Allies will now consider the next steps on their path to Nato,” a Nato official said. Earlier, Stoltenberg had said: “The security interests of all allies have to be taken into account and we are determined to work through all issues and reach rapid conclusions.
“All allies agree on the importance of Nato enlargement. We all agree that we must stand together and we all agree that this is an historic moment which we must seize.” Helsinki, Stockholm and the other allied Western capitals remain optimistic they can overcome Turkey’s objections.
Several Nato allies, most notably Britain, have offered security assurances to Finland and Sweden during the application period before they are covered by alliance’s mutual defence pact.